(1927 Rome, Italy – 2005 Perugia, Italy)
Piero Dorazio (whose real name is Piero D’Orazio) was born on June 29, 1927, in Rome, where he undertook formal studies in architecture at the University of Rome from 1945 to 1951. Around the same time, he joined the Arte Sociale group, which published a single issue of Ariele and La Fabbrica. In 1947, he co-founded the group Forma 1, which produced Manifesto del Formalismo-Forma 1. Also in 1947, Dorazio was awarded a scholarship to the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in Paris, where he spent a year and met Severini, Braque, Vantongerloo, Pevsner, Arp, Sonia Delaunay, Le Corbusier and other prominent artists. In 1950, he helped organizing the cooperative gallery of the Age d’Or group in Rome and Florence and, in 1952, he promoted the International Foundation Origine in Rome, which published the periodical Arti Visive. In 1953, he travelled to the United States, where he met Motherwell, Rothko, Kiesler, Kline and Clement Greenberg, and gave his first one-man exhibitions at the Wittenborn One-Wall Gallery and at the Rose Fried Gallery in New York. After returning to Rome in 1954, Dorazio periodically visited Paris, London and Berlin, where he became friend with Will Grohmann and the dealer Rudolf Springer. In 1955, Dorazio published his book La fantasia dell’arte nella vita moderna. During 1975, Dorazio went to Switzerland, Spain and Antibes and Rome where he held his first one-man show at the Galleria La Tartaruga. From 1960 to 1969, he taught at the Graduate School of Fine Arts at the University of Pennsylvania. Since then, Dorazio held many academic positions in the United States. In 1970, he visited Greece, Africa and the Middle East and finally he settled in Todi, Italy in 1974. Among the several exhibitions of his work organized in Italy and in foreign countries, the ones that worth to be mentioned are those at the Musée d’Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris (1979), at the Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo (1979) and at the Galleria Nazionale d’Arte Moderna e Contemporanea in Rome (1983). Also, Dorazio took part in the major international shows, such as the Venice Biennale, where he exhibited in 1960, 1966 and 1988. During the following years, he had private and public commissions such the creation of mosaics in the subway stations of Rome. The artist died in Todi on May 2005.